The Caspian Breed
The Caspian is a small horse breed native to Iran. They are one of the oldest dating breeds still in existence today. The small waist-height horses are previously depicted on the stone staircase of the ancient Palace of Persepolis and on the seal of Persian ruler King Darius the Great. The rich history indicates the small Persian horses as highly prized for their courage and agility before disappearing to the known world for over one thousand years.
When re-discovered in the early 1960's the small, hardy horses were found near the Elburz Mountains, along the Caspian Sea. The preservation of the breed until rediscovery was attributed to their remote geographical location. Great efforts were made to revive and later export the breed, greatly contributing to the breeds survival from extinction.
Genetically, Caspians are a very healthy and sound breed. From first glance the Caspian is built proportionately like a horse but unique in its smaller size. They carry an elegant and refined build. Caspians are characterized by a wide set forehead and often prominent almond shapes eyes. Their beautifully shaped head forms into a neat, firm muzzle. A known trademark of the Caspian is the very distinctive inwards tips of their ears. They carry several skeletal structure differences as well as blood hemoglobin composition unique to the Caspian breed.
Although athletic, alert and intelligent – Caspians are very kind and willing partners to their often small riders. Caspians make excellent driving horses and carry endurance without breaking a sweat. They are particularly skilled in jumping and make exceptional hunter/jumper prospects. They are personable and communicative, carrying themselves with quiet confidence and loyalty.
There are approximately 1400 Caspians in the world today.
The rediscovery and survival of the Caspian breed is vastly credited to Mrs. Louise Firouz (1933 – 2008).
Why a North Point Caspian?
We obtain the highest level of standard when it comes to breeding and registering our horses. We are one of few breeders in North America breeding purebred Caspian horses recognized in the International Caspian Studbook (ICS).
Quality Mind & Trainability
Our breeding herd and youngstock are well handled. We are with our horses daily and using them throughout the year in showing, gymkhana, driving, in and around cattle etc. We can stand by their temperaments, trainability and athleticism.
Our mission in raising Caspians is twofold. First, to promote and preserve the Caspian breed to the best of our abilities. Secondly, to produce quality horses for exceptional riding and driving homes. Our goal with each Caspian we send off farm is getting them into the hands of caring homes that utilize their horses.
Marshall Steer of Marida Stud, a partner in the first South Australian stud, tells of a herd of Caspians who kept running down to a man who was fencing in their paddock, they would circle him a few times and then run back up the hill. The horses repeated this until he decided he should follow them up to a large hole he had been digging for a strainer post. There, he found a small foal who had fallen into the hole. He promptly rescued the foal, who was thankfully no worse for wear.
Shauna Mills-Swart of South Australia recounted to me a time when Omar, one of her purebred geldings, kept running up to the house calling out and then running back over the hill into the back paddock. Strange behaviour for a horse that is extremely shy and does not readily seek out human company – unlike the average Caspian. After the third time, they thought they should follow him and did so in their ute. They found the entire Caspian herd of approximately 18 individuals had surrounded a Thoroughbred mare who had become entangled in the plain wire fence. They were packed around her so tightly that she had been unable to move and, therefore, had done no damage to herself. Shauna and Gerard were amazed. They immediately got wire cutters out of the back of the ute and cut her free. There was not even a scratch on her.